How Do I Remove Rust Stains From Natural Stone?

LTP Rust Stain Remover.

  • Removes surface rust stains
  • Non acidic formulation
  • Removes stains in just 15 minutes

LTP Rust Stain remover ideal for all types of polished and unpolished natural and artificial stone including marble, split face stone cladding, granite, travertine, sandstone, concrete, terracotta and porcelain tiles.

From this

 

To this

In just 15 minutes.

With cleaning of rust as simple as apply on to surface, leave, then scrub and wash off.

Step 1:
First brush off any loose debris, dust and dirt from the surface of the stone, if necessary first wash with area with LTP Powerstripper leave to dry.

Step 2:
Shake well before use. Apply LTP Rust stain remover direct to the rust stain by paint brush or cloth.

Step 3:
Leave on the surface for 15 minutes to act on the rust.
LTP Rust stain remover will change to a purple colour as it reacts with the rust.

Step 4:
Once the indicated time has elapsed, agitate with a white emulsifying pad and rinse the surface with clean water. If necessary repeat the process.

For more information please visit our website here.

 

 

Please note that this information is offered as general guidance only and without guarantee.  Your specific circumstances may need an alternative approach.  In case of doubt, any process should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application.

Advertisements

Problem Solving Black Limestone

We are often contacted in particular about black limestone, the appearance of stains and mineral deposits is not uncommon and occurs with most types of limestone, however the appearance on black limestone or darker stone is more prevalent. This is why it is possible to notice some marks appearing even before sealing. As a naturally occurring chemical reaction it is often difficult to avoid. So this blog is all about some of the different things that can happen, what you can do to prevent it or what you can do to resolve the issues as best you can.

Mineral Stains

Mineral deposit stains on black limstone

Mineral stains are sometimes caused when rain water trickles through sand-cement mortar screeds, toppings and bedding under limestone paving can become moderately alkaline. As this rainwater evaporates, its alkalinity increases until the solution becomes saturated.
This solution then can travel to the surface within the limestone where it starts to deposit solids such as white and grey encrustations of calcium carbonate also known as lime plumes.
To remove the the mineral salts from the surface wash the surface with a mild solution of acid*. This will help disperse the mineral salt deposits from the surface.
LTP Grout Stain Remover is a product suitable for the task, dilute 1 part LTP Grout Stain remover in 4 parts warm water and apply to the surface of the stone. Agitate using an emulsifying pad or similar abrasive pad and then rinse thoroughly with plenty of clean water. Repeat process if necessary.
For more information about LTP Grout Stain Remover please see the Technical Data Sheet.

*N.B Grout stain remover may etch the surface and cause the stone to dry lighter.
If the Limestone is either Honed or Polished do not use LTP Grout Stain Remover and instead use LTP Powerstripper.

Mineral deposits causing a banding effect

Halo Stains & Bands Of Mineral Deposits.

This is caused by trace amounts of sodium and potassium oxides within the Limestone which can also be activated by rain water. Even where rain is slightly acidic, the solutions of these salts in rainwater will gradually become alkaline. Surface wetting and evaporation can produce recurrent patches and bands of dampness known as accumulation zones ( rainwater pooling on the surface where it cannot run off).

Evaporation concentrates the alkaline solutions until they become saturated at the  outer limits or edge of accumulation zones. Further evaporation then causes precipitation, crystallisation and immobilisation of the salt at the surface and in pores immediately below the surface. The resulting bands of distinct pigmentation are halo stains as seen in the image above of Limestone.

Grout & Adhesive Stains.

img_0122

Adhesive Stains On Limestone

Grout and adhesive stains like this appear often, if the stone has been sealed beforehand then the process of removing the residues is easier.
After grouting most of the residues should be taken off with water before it fully dries on the surface. For the removal of most grout residues on Limestone we would recommend using LTP Powerstripper. However on more severe cases as shown in the picture above, using a mild solution of LTP Grout Stain Remover may be more effective.
Grout Stain Remover is an acid based cleaner and will etch any acid sensitive surfaces (Limestone, marble, some sandstones, chrome etc).
We would always recommend to test on a small inconspicuous area first.
LTP Grout Stain Remover Tech Data Sheet.

General Dirt & Grime

If your limestone has been outside for a couple of years, it may have seen better days.
General dirt and grime can be easily removed with LTP Grimex.
Dilute in a bucket of water as per instructions on the back of the bottle, then apply and leave for 10 minutes. Give it a scrub with a deck brush or an emulsifying pad and then rinse with plenty of clean water.
After cleaning allow to dry for 24 hours and then the stone will be ready for resealing.

Protect your Limestone with the correct sealing product.

Sealers used to enhance the appearance and help prevent limestone pavers staining from organic matter outside need to be breathable. LTP Mattstone H20 & LTP Stone Oil are examples of breathable sealers suitable for external use. As well as protecting the stone from staining, breathable sealers will allow the microscopic transition of moisture assisting any trapped moisture to escape through the stone from the mortar and sub surfaces. However, moisture permeating through the stone and sealer to the surface can still dry to leave a calciferous deposit.

Once the stone is thoroughly dry and mineral salt deposits are greatly reduced, general dirt and grime has been cleaned off, reseal the stone with an appropriate limestone sealer. LTP Mattstone H20 is highly effective natural stone sealing solution and is suitable for exterior use. However many of our customers have used LTP Stone Oil after acid washing their stone as it helps to re-enhance and deepen the colour.

Apply LTP Stone Oil to the surface of the stone using a paint brush. Allow it to absorb into the stone and then remove any visible excess from the surface after 45 minutes using an absorbent dry towel. The aim is to completely saturate the stone with as many coats of the sealer as necessary, but do not allow the sealer to dry and leave a film on the surface. Do not apply in direct sunlight.
For more information on how to apply please see the Technical Data Sheet.

LTP Mattstone H20 is applied to the surface with a paint brush, allow to absorb for 15 minutes and then apply a second coat. Remove any visible excess on the surface after 45 minutes.
For more information on how to apply please see the Technical Data Sheet.

 

Please note that this information is offered as general guidance only and without guarantee. Your specific circumstances may need an alternative approach. In case of doubt, any process should be tried out in an inconspicous area before general application. 

Has your Natural Stone been damaged by Household Cleaner?

We were contacted recently by a customer whose pet had a little accident on their Stoneworks Tumbled Pietra Limestone and tried to remedy it by spraying CIF Bathroom cleaner on it, the result is shown in the photo below!

Stone damaged by Cif Spray

Stone damaged by Cif Spray-Image supplied by Stone Works Ltd

Our response to help rectify was…………….

LTP Grimex should be used to clean the surface of the stones that have been damaged by the CIF spray. This will help to neutralise the reaction that has caused a change in the character of the stones surface. The Lighter marks will still remain following cleaning, but LTP Grimexshould appear a little darker.

Remember to work on the entire piece of stone and not just the areas that are affected. This should be done in a way that does not allow the cleaning solution to spread over onto neighboring tiles, so whole pieces of stone, but only up to the grout joints.

Apply LTP Grimex diluted 1 : 3 with water and agitate the surface….leave for 10 – 15 minutes….agitate again and then rinse well using a sponge and water.

Leave the stone to dry.

 

Apply LTP Stone Oil to the surface and allow to absorb. Check the surface after 45
LTP-StoneOil5LTin_1L_Grp_Webminutes and then wipe up any excess from the surface. ThisLTP-Mattstone5L,1L_500ml_Grp_Web should be repeated until the colour of the stone has been restored. For extra protection and after a 24 hour curing time for the Oil a coat of LTP Mattstone can be used over the top.

 

LTP-Master500mlSpray_2011_Web

For dealing with spillages quickly when they occur we would suggest LTP Stonewash Spray.
This is a spray and wipe cleaner which will remove spillages without compromising the seal or damaging the surface of the stone.

For daily/weekly mopping use LTP Waxwash. This cleaner is PH Neutral and contains a trace of linseed oil, which makes it ideal for cleaning and embellishing sensitive sealed surfaces. A 1 ltr bottle is enough solution to wash a 20 sq.m LTP-Waxwash1L_Webfloor 40 times.

Hope this helps…

Customers response “Hip hip hooray”

  • It’s worked hooray
    Thank you so much
  • Please thank your guy for his help
    I can’t believe it

Thanks very much again xx

This information is offered without guarantee.  The material should be used so as to take account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated.  In case of doubt, the products should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application.

Natural Stone and Tiles – Common Stains: Water

How to remove Water Stains ­from Natural Stone and Tiles

A water stain mark on natural stone

Natural stone and tiles are an investment that can add real quality to your home or office environment. When staining or marking of a stone surface on a kitchen, bathroom or office floor or work surface occurs, such as water stains; this can create a potentially difficult situation to resolve.

Understand your surface

Ensuring that you know what has caused stains on stone, the material stained and whether the surface is protected can all have a bearing on how you should address the issue. If you are in any doubt it is often more straightforward to seek expert assistance. At LTP we offer FREE technical assistance via our Helpline +44 ( 0) 1823 666213. In most cases, it will be easier to assist you if you are able to supply photographs of the issue and surface. Please send images to info@ltp-online.co.uk with as much information as possible.

Is your stone surface protected?

Natural stone protected with LTP Mattstone

Knowing if your stone surface or tiles has a protective seal applied is important in understanding the best solution to address the issue. Often when a protective seal is in place the method for tackling the problem is much less aggressive and simpler. Essentially this is because the stain is most often only affecting the protective seal.

To protect natural stone and tile surfaces to help prevent staining LTP recommends for following sealing products.  LTP Mattstone or LTP Mattstone H20 for a natural (invisible finish) or LTP Colour Intensifier & Stainblock for an enhanced appearance. LTP Colour Intensifier & Stainblock deepens the colour and enhances the appearance of the stone surface.

Common stains on natural stone and tiles – Water Stains

Water stains can appear on natural stone and tile surfaces such as floors and worktops when water is left to stand, as it dries into the surface it can cause a stain. This is most common with porous stone surfaces such as limestone, flagstones, sandstone and terracotta, but water stains can also affect glazed ceramics, porcelain and polished surfaces such as porcelain, granite and marble.

THE MOST COMMON CAUSES OF WATER STAINS ARE OUTLINED BELOW…

Using the wrong maintenance cleaner can gradually affect the performance of the seal. This after a while allows water to penetrate beyond the seal. In areas of hard water, these water droplets can dry out to leave a lime deposit on the surface. Hard water stains are difficult to remove using normal detergents.

Repeated cleaning of stone surfaces using water and a mild detergent can create a film on the surface.  When we mop and clean our surfaces the water dries off to leave a very slight film of residual detergent. In the months that follow this can create a micron thick film across the surface.  Water droplets can dilute the detergent in the area that they sit on leaving a spot mark.  This all happens on a fairly microscopic level, which is why staining of this nature is sometimes only visible when looking across a surface towards a light source.

The LTP approach to removing water stains

The method that LTP recommends for tackling water stains differs depending upon the surface type.

LIMESTONE, MARBLE, TRAVERTINE AND OTHER ACID SENSITIVE SURFACES

For acid sensitive surfaces, we recommend using LTP Grimex or LTP Power Stripper. Simply wash the area as directed by the label instructions, rinse and allow to dry. Note that if the surface has a protective seal the surface may need re sealing. To make sure that you achieve a uniform finish a wider area may need treatment.

PORCELAIN, TERRACOTTA, SANDSTONE AND OTHER NON ACID SENSITIVE SURFACES

For surfaces that are not acid sensitive, we recommend using LTP Grout Stain Remover. Treat the affected area as directed by the product label, rinse and allow to dry. In some cases you can simply buff the surface to its original shine. Where this is not effective and to help maintenance you may consider applying LTP Glaze Protector.

If the stain persists repeat the treatment, if this is unsuccessful please contact our FREE helpline.

PLEASE NOTE: Always follow the detailed instructions on the product labels. Protect stone surfaces from contact with acidic substances. Do not use abrasive materials on honed or polished stones. Avoid using normal detergents or strong bleach cleaners on sealed surfaces as they will gradually remove the protective seal.

At LTP we believe in helping to offer solutions and this is why we offer a no obligation
LTP TECHNICAL HELPLINE, so please give us a call on +44 (0) 1823 666213 or email info@ltp-online.co.uk and we will be happy to help you.

Visit www.ltp-online.co.uk to buy or find out more about our range of products.

Sandstone-Fixing & Sealing Outside.

Featured

We have recently been contacted by numerous customers who have been having problems with spot stains appearing on their sandstone patios.

Sandstone Flags with Spot Fixing Issues.

Sandstone Flags with Spot Fixing Issues.

This is a common problem, so we thought we should share why and how this issue sometimes occurs. The pictures in this post are supplied by customers showing the problems that are occurring.

 

Understanding Sandstone

Many of the imported sandstones, and some limestones and granites,are very porous. If fixing natural sandstone or limestone outside DO NOT SPOT FIX!!

They are not man made concrete pavers and should not be treated the same.

The sandstone should be fixed to an even mortar bed and then each piece of stone back buttered for a solid fix…

This will help illuminate possibilities of staining from moisture and mortar.

Natural stones like sandstone are not as dense as concrete pavers and are full of microscopic capillaries. These capillaries can draw up moisture from mortar through to the face of the stone. The moisture dries out to leave a deposit of mortar residue and minerals within the pores of the stone.Img3701 Sealing too soon after spot fixing can sometimes highlight these issues and also slow down the transition of moisture, suspending the cement residues within the stone.

The introduction of moisture from rain can also further highlight these issues. This is because the moisture collects and dwells within the voids between the mortar spots underneath the stone. As it dries out and the moisture rises carrying more minerals from the sand and cement to the surface of the stone.

Most sealers used for outside use are breathable and allow microscopic transition of moisture, so any trapped moisture is still able to dry out should it become trapped beneath the stone. Sealing does not cause the issues associated with spot fixing nor should it be considered a method for covering up the stains should they occur.

If your stone pavers have been spot fixed, then we would suggest not sealing them for at least 3 months after installation. This should allow for any mortars to full harden and any released minerals to completely dissipate. Clean surfaces well using LTP Power Stripper and leave to dry for 24 hrs. Test the sealer on a small area before general application to make sure that the mortar spots are not highlighted and after a few days make the test area wet and allow it to dry out. If staining does not occur the rest of the surface can be sealed.

If your stone has been fixed correctly into a solid bed then we would suggest a drying time of two weeks before sealing. This should allow enough time for all mortars to fully dry. Solid fixing will not allow any rain water to sit beneath the pavers and dwell. Clean surfaces well using LTP Power Stripper and leave to dry for 24 hrs. Seal using an impregnating sealer and apply as many coats as necessary to completely saturate the stone.

When sealing using an impregnating sealer it is important to remember that the solution needs to fully absorb into the stone without drying on the surface and do not apply in direct sunlight. If sealer is still visible on the surface after 45 minutes saturation has been achieved and any excess should be toweled off. For best results allow at least 3 full dry days after treatment.

 

LTP IMPREGNATING SEALERS SUITABLE FOR EXTERNAL USE

LTP MATTSTONE H20

LTP EXTERNAL STONE SEALER

LTP STONE OIL

 

CLEANING SANDSTONES & LIMESTONE  WITH SPOT FIXING ISSUES

Use: LTP Power Stripper

Apply undiluted to the surface of the stone and agitate using a black emulsifying pad. Add a little water and agitate again. Leave the solution on the surface of the stone for 15 minutes and agitate again. Rinse well with water. Repeat until the stains are no longer visible. Leave to dry for a minimum of 24 hours before sealing. Before re-sealing the whole area test the sealer on a small area before general application to make sure that the mortar spots are not highlighted. Leave to dry and after a few days make the test area wet and allow it to dry out. If staining does not occur then the rest of the surface can be sealed.

CLEANING MORTAR STAINS FROM SANDSTONES AFTER POINTING

Use: LTP Grout Stain RemoverGrout_Residue_Remover_Pack2

Apply un-diluted onto the surface of the stone and agitate immediately using a black emulsifying pad to release the mortar stains from the surface of the stone. Using a sponge and water rinse well immediately after use and change rinsing water after every 5 sq/m.

MOULD, MILDEW AND BLACK SPOT

Use: LTP Mouldex

Spray LTP  Mouldex onto the surface of the stone and leave for 1 hour. Using a black emulsifying pad agitate the surface and rinse well with plenty of water. Repeat until all organic matter has been removed. Re-seal surfaces once thoroughly dry.

This information is offered without guarantee.  The material should be used so as to take account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated.  In case of doubt, the product should be tried out in an inconspicuous area

 

How to remove staining from Black Limestone before sealing.

Visible stains on Black Limetone

Visible stains on Black Limetone

After quarrying, milling and then packing a black limestone it is possible for residues of moisture and sediment to remain on the surface. If left over a period of months these deposits of mineral and sediment absorb into the pores of the stone. This type of staining can be very difficult to remove using conventional cleaning materials. The following is a guide to help restore the                                                                                     appearance of the stone using a strong                                                                                   cleaner and then sealing to restore and                                                                                   enhance the colour.

DIRECTIONS FOR CLEANING AND SEALING

1. LTP Grout Stain Remover is applied and 2. GSR scrub immediatelythen immediately scrubbed into the surface using a black emulsifying pad. This should be done for 1 – 2 minutes making sure to cover the whole surface of the stone. This cleaner will slightly etch the surface of the stone to release the stains from within.

 

3. Rinse well with plenty of water2. Do not leave the cleaner to dwell on the surface. Rinse with water immediately after scrubbing. Change the rinsing water every 5 M².
After cleaning leave surfaces to dry for 24 hours.

 

4. Leave to dry
3. Once dry, surfaces will appear grey rather than black. The stains should no longer be visible. The surface of the stone has been conditioned ready for sealing.

 

5. Apply Stoneoil4. Apply a small amount of LTP Stone Oil to the surface of the Limestone and spread out evenly. Leave to absorb into the surface of the stone for 1 hour. Any visible excess after this time work should be worked off using a soft absorbent towel.

6. Spread out evenly

5. The sealer should be left to dry for a minimum of 24 hours with light traffic only.
It will take a further 3 days to reach full hardness, so surfaces should be kept as dry as possible during this time.

INTERIORS
Finishing the stone with a light coat of LTP Mattstone should be considered if the stone is to be used in kitchen areas.

INITIAL CLEANING:                LTP GROUT STAIN REMOVER                   1ltr & 5ltr

This should be done after fixing and before sealing LTP-GroutStainRemover5L&1L_2011_Weband grouting to remove calcium carbonate and mineral deposits including dust and dirt that has accumulated during the production and fixing process. Apply undiluted solution to the surface of the stone and agitate immediately with an emulsifying pad. Rinse thoroughly with a separate pot of clean fresh water. Wipe away the released calcium dirt and grime with a mop or sponge and water and leave to dry for 24 hrs.

TDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/tds-Grout_Stain_Remover.pdf

MSDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/msds-Grout_stain_remover_clp_GHS.pdf

SEALING:                                      LTP STONEOIL                                        1ltr & 5ltr

Before grouting apply a light coat of LTP Stone Oil, LTP-StoneOil5LTin_1L_Grp_Webcheck that all of the sealer has been
fully absorbed within 1 hour, any excess that remains on the surface after 1 hour should be worked in with a soft cloth or buffing machine. Leave for a further 4 hours or overnight before grouting the joints. Once all residual grout has been removed and the surface and joints are thoroughly dry; apply a final light coat of StoneOil covering the joints as well. Buff to remove any excess within 1 hour and then leave for a minimum of 3 days to fully harden before making excessively wet.

TDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/tds-Stone_Oil.pdf
MSDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/msds-Stone_oil_clp_GHS.pdf

IMPORTANT NOTES:
When cleaning or sealing vertical surfaces always start at the top and work down.
Provided that the surfaces are correctly sealed and maintained protection should last 3 – 4 years before considering applying a top up coat. Sealing will not prevent wear from abrasion.Used externally sealers will last between 1 & 2 Years before light cleaning and topping up.
After Intensive cleaning to remove any ingrained dirt or other staining and once dry, always test for moisture ingress. If evident cleaned areas should be re-sealed.
When using LTP Grout Stain Remover, gloves should be worn.
For detailed application instructions please see Technical Data Sheets.
This information is offered without guarantee. The material should be used so as to take account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated. In case of doubt, the product should be tried out in an inconspicuous area