How to seal hand made Terracotta.

The following is a cleaning and sealing guide for terracotta floor tiles. The products and methods specified should ensure that the surfaces are suitably conditioned before sealing. Future cleaning and aftercare then made easier following the application of an impregnating sealer and finishing the surface with either the traditional method or the synthetic method.

Teatree Handmade 20x20-left unsealed, right sealed with LTP Boiled linseed oil & Antique wax

Teatree Handmade 20×20-left unsealed, right sealed with LTP Boiled linseed oil & Antique wax.

Honey Terracotta 3

Honey  Handmade 30×20 Terracotta Sealed with LTP Boiled Linseed Oil, LTP Clear wax & LTP Antique wax.

20x30 unsealed honey

Traditional method.

The process of laying terracotta begins with spreading out your adhesive on your primed concrete or timber floor using a notched trowel, make sure to spread out the adhesive evenly and at the same thickness. Always work in manageable areas.

Then lay the terracotta into the adhesive, be careful not to get any adhesive on the top surface of the terracotta. Allow for a 5-10mm grout joint.
Leave the adhesive to set as per the manufactures instructions.

Once the adhesive has set, apply an even coat of LTP Boiled Linseed Oil and allow sealer to absorb naturally. Apply further coats at 2 – 4 hours intervals until the terracotta is fully saturated. (remove any excess that is on the tile after 1 hour).
Allow 24 hours for the final coat to cure.

Once the final coat has hardened apply a coat of LTP Antique Wax, leave for 20-30 minutes and the buff to a shine with a stiff brush or buffing machine.

After the wax has been buffed, grout tiles with a grout float, leave for the recommended time and sponge off the residues.
Once dry, dust of any remaining residues and then apply another coat of LTP Antique wax and leave to dry overnight.

For additional protection and to give the terracotta a shine, apply 2-3 coats of LTP Ironwax Gloss.

For more information on traditional sealing please follow our video guide.

For PDF Terracotta, Cleaning sealer & aftercare guide

For PDF Terracotta, Cleaning sealer & aftercare guide – easy aftercare option

The synthetic method.
Applying LTP Colour Intensifier

LTP Colour Intensifier is a colour enhancing matt finish sealer that still allows the tile to breathe. Lay the tiles in the adhesive the same as per the traditional method.

Once the adhesive has set, apply sealer to the surface of the terracotta and spread out evenly using a sealant applicator.
Allow the sealer to dry naturally and add another coat at two hourly intervals until the terracotta is fully saturated.

45 minutes after applying the final coat of sealer dry buff the surface using a microfiber cloth to remove any excess and leave to dry naturally. N.B newly sealed surfaces should be left to dry for a minimum of 12 hours before allowing heavy traffic or finishing with a film forming sealer.

Applying LTP Ironwax Satin or Gloss.

Apply sealer to the surface and spread out evenly, two coats should be applied at hourly intervals. Leave to dry naturally, do not rub or buff. Leave Ironwax to cure for 4 hours and then grout in the joints.

Once residual grout has been removed and the joints have been firmed off (min 12hours). Apply further thin coat and leave to dry. Repeat this until desired finish has been achieved (max 6 coats).

Newly sealed surfaces should be left to dry for a minimum of 12 hours before allowing heavy traffic. Do not wash for 3 days.

For PDF Terracotta, Cleaning sealer & aftercare guide – synthetic method

For weekly aftercare use LTP Floorshine.

 

 

Please note that this information is offered as general guidance only and without guarantee. Your specific circumstances may need an alternative approach. In case of doubt, any process should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application.

Sealing Stone Outside

Limestone, Sandstone, Travertine, Marble, Slate, Granite, concrete:
Regardless of what type of flooring you choose, the likelihood is it will require some form of sealing.

This is because natural stone is porous, and therefore if left unsealed, any moisture will be soaked up by the stone making it very difficult to remove, and potentially leaving the surface permanently stained (sometimes even fallen leaves can cause stains).

The best way to prevent all this is to seal the stone.

When you seal a stone, you are essentially filling any voids or pores of the stone with the sealer. This prevents any further liquid to absorb in to the tile, as demonstrated here with this close up shot of a water droplet on a tile sealed with LTP Mattstone.

When sealing natural stone outside it is important to use a breathable impregnating sealer, this will allow the transition of moisture from underneath.
Examples include LTP Mattstone H20 which will leave the stone looking as it does naturally. And LTP External Stone Sealer which will enhance any natural colour in the stone, both of these are water based breathable sealers and will require 24 hours to cure.

It is important to note that all stones located outdoors are susceptible to a condition known as efflorescence.
This blooming is caused by water moving through the substrate of a material and carrying minerals and salts found in the mortar bed, grout, soil or the stone itself.
We have a blog here all about efflorescence.

Its also very important when laying Natural stone to make sure that its fixed on a full bed of adhesive and not spot fixed.
The end result could look like this if its spot fixed.
Spot fixing issue Sandstone

If this has already happened to your patio, we have a blog here.

When sealing different natural stones, what will vary the most will be how many coats the stone will need before it is fully sealed.
Each stone exhibits different levels of porosity. A tumbled Limestone may have a higher porosity level than a Honed and filled Limestone.

Sealing natural stone with Mattstone H20 

Shake bottle before use.

Test the porosity of your stone with water and a teaspoon, using the LTP porosity test.

Once surfaces are clean and dry, apply the product to the surface evenly using a sealant applicator pad, brush or soft cloth.

When sealing its important not to over apply the sealer and redistribute excess, avoid letting the sealer pool on the surface, as this can cause white marks to appear on the stone when it dries.
On highly absorbent surfaces apply several coats wet-in-wet.
After 15 minutes, remove any excess sealer with an absorbent cloth. Do not allow residues to dry on the surface.
Do not walk on the surface for 3 hours and protect from wet conditions for 3 days.

Sealing Stone With LTP External Stone Sealer.

Shake bottle well before use. Apply evenly to the surface using a foam roller or paint brush. On more absorbent surfaces apply further coats at hourly intervals until the surface is completely saturated. Remove any residual sealer if still visible after one hour

Cleaning Tiles Outside

Before you start sealing your stone it is important to make sure your stone is clean and dry, other wise you will just seal in dirt and grime.

Old layers of sealer, dirt residues and light deposits of organic matter and algae must be removed from the surface and pores of the stone.

This can be done by either using LTP Grimex which is a intensive cleaner or LTP Mouldex Paving Cleaner.

To Clean with LTP Grimex, dilute 1:3 with water, apply to the surface with a sponge or water brush and leave to sit on the surface of the tiles for as long as it takes for the dirt to release. (5-30 minutes depending upon the level of dirt). If areas look as if they are drying out just add a little more solution to keep the area wet.

Agitate the surface with a stiff deck brush after approx 10 minutes (scrubber machines can be used).

Continue to scrub while adding clean water. Remove residues from the surface with water or scrubber machine.

Rinse thoroughly with clean fresh water to remove all remaining residues. Use a power washer if necessary.

Allow the surface at least 24 hours to dry before sealing.

To clean with LTP Mouldex Paving Cleaner, Shake well before use.
Surfaces to be treated should be completely dry before application.
Pour solution undiluted directly onto the pavers and spread out evenly using a sponge or paint brush, Garden sprayers can also be used and leave for a minimum of 1 hour.

Apply a little water and agitate with a stiff Deck brush or emulsifying pad to release the dirt and grime, and then rinse thoroughly using a hose or jet wash.
Some stubborn stains and black spot may require a longer treatment, in which case apply and leave on surfaces overnight. If some black spot remains after treatment, It should fade and disappear after a few days following the treatment. If not: re-apply. Keep pets off at all times during treatment. In case of contact with metals, fabrics and painted surfaces rinse with water immediately. Do not use on warm surfaces. Do not apply if rain is imminent. Avoid contact with ponds & plant life: if contact is made rinse well with plenty of water.

General Maintenance.
Weekly or daily depending on conditions, use a hose and a brush to remove any debris that may be lying on the stone.
Then annually if required use LTP Grimex, this will remove surface dirt and grime, possibly every 6-12 months depending on condition.
Dilute Grimex 1:3 parts water and apply the solution on to the surface and agitate.
Leave for 10 minutes before agitating again and then rinse with water.
Allow 24 hours to dry and then if necessary re-apply a light coat of sealer.

PLEASE NOTE: Always follow the detailed instructions on the product labels. Protect stone surfaces from contact with acidic substances. Do not use abrasive materials on honed or polished stones. Avoid using normal detergents or strong bleach cleaners on sealed surfaces as they will gradually remove the protective seal.

Please note that this information is offered as general guidance only and without guarantee. Your specific circumstances may need an alternative approach. In case of doubt, any process should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application.

Roaming in Romania

Sales Director Mark Atkins

Sales Director Mark Atkins

Last week the team from LTP flew to Bucharest for a one day workshop with power point presentations and practical demonstrations on cleaning sealing and aftercare for stone, travertine marble, slate and granite.gama_ltp-1024x729

The venue for the presentation was the stunning new showroom and offices of Piatra online who as well as being Romania’s highest profile stone merchant are also LTP’s distributor for the country .http://blog.piatraonline.ro/conferinta-piatraonline-ingrijirea-si-intretinerea-pietrei-naturale/

The demand for stone is growing steadily in Romania as more and more people are made aware of its natural qualities and beauty. This resulted in a high attendance for both presentations which were also filmed live for broadcast on Youtube.https://www.youtube.com/user/sergiudedu/videosRomania workshop on LTP products

ingrijirea-pietrei-naturale-piatraonline-730x300

Mark Atkins with LTP’s MD Richard Osborne

After the presentation the floor was opened for a question and answer session as well as providing opportunities for the delegates to try some of the practical demonstrations for themselves.

Sales Director, Mark Atkins, commented that whilst he has always been impressed by the dedication interest shown in the subject following many similar visits over the past 5 years, he felt that this was the best yet.   He also added that after 5 years he was becoming quite an expert on the restaurants in Bucharest which he felt rate amongst the finest in Europe

 

 

Encaustic Tiles

Encaustic tile

Encaustic tiles are made of two or more colours of clay that are then mixed or inlaid together to create a pattern, they are then fired.
Encaustic effect Cement tiles are created by pouring different colour mineral pigments into a mold, grey cement then fills the rest of the body of the tile, this gets hydraulically compressed and left to set or cure for 3 weeks.
Both tiles are unglazed and would require sealing.
For more information please follow this link.

Prior to sealing it is always advisable to clean the tiles thoroughly with a solution of LTP Grimex. This advice goes for both newly laid and renovation projects. Remember not to use acid based cleaner with encaustic tiles .

When it comes to sealing there are various options available depending on the desired look of the floor, however the most popular are the natural Matt finish using either LTP Mattstone or the water based equivalent LTP Mattstone H20. Depending on the type of encaustic tile being used, up to three or four light coats of sealer might be required. Always test on an inconspicuous area first and buff off any excess.

LTP Colour Intensifier is also popular as its use offers a delicate enhancement of the different coloured patterns within the encaustic tile.

Finally, as always, the use of a compatible aftercare product in this case LTP Waxwash, will ensure optimum longevity for the sealed surface as standard household Encaustic 2 pg guidescleaners may compromise the effectiveness of the seal over time.

Correctly sealed and maintained an encaustic floor should last three to four years before re sealing is required.

To download an information sheet, Please follow the link below.

Encaustic Tiles guide

 

This information is offered without guarantee . The material should be used so as to take into account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated. In case of doubt, the products should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application.

Natural Stone – Pedestrian Walkways & Driveways

LTP_Sealing_Cobblestone_ Walkways_and_Driveways_18

OBJECTIVE: SEAL STONE SURFACES TO PROTECT FROM DIRT AND GRIME & MAKE STAIN REMOVAL EASIER.

LTP Mattstone H20 is both hydrophobic and oleophobic and offers excellent resistance to staining and moisture ingress. If sprayed onto the surface a single coat is normally sufficient, if brushed two coats. The low viscosity allows the active ingredients to absorb into the surface and dry, to provide an in depth mesh of protection within the pores of the stone without creating a film or altering the surface character. Despite being extremely repellent the treated surfaces remain breathable. Dirt and moisture are prevented from absorbing making removal much easier. Ensure that the natural stones are dry and free from as much dust and dirt as possible before treating.

SEALING:        LTP MATTSTONE H20 (environmentally friendly)       5ltr containers

Fill sprayer with 5 litres of LTP Mattstone H20, set pressure to 1 bar. Hold nozzle of the sprayer approximately 50cm from the surface to be treated and apply evenly using a LTP-MattstoneH20_5L_Websweeping motion.
SPRAYERThe sealer will take about 15-20 minutes to absorb into the stone. Gloves, eye protection and face mask should be worn. Two hours after application test a small area for resistance to moisture by flicking a little water onto the surface.
If water beads, enough sealer has been applied. If moisture absorbs, a second coat may be need to be applied. Treated surfaces will take about 3 days to become fully resistant. If Spraying equipment is not available apply using a roller or large paint brush, making sure to work the sealer into any uneven edges of the stone.
Approx coverage: 5ltrs = 50M2

TDS: http://upload2.evocdn.co.uk/ltp/uploads/download/2_31_tds-mattstone-h20.pdf
MSDS: http://upload2.evocdn.co.uk/ltp/uploads/download/2_0_msds-mattstone-h2o-clp-ghs.pdf

AFTERCARE:    LTP POWER STRIPPER (water based solvent free) 5ltr containersLTP-Powerstrip5L_2011_Web

PERIODICALLY/WHEN REQUIRED spray and scrub surfaces clean. Scrubber dryer

machines can be used in conjunction with LTP Power stripper. Dilution should be 1 part Power stripper with 20 Parts water. This cleaner will help assist removal of general dirt and grime, chewing gum and stains from pollution from the treated external stone surfaces. Approx coverage: 5 ltrs : 500M2

TDS: http://upload2.evocdn.co.uk/ltp/uploads/download/2_21_tds-powerstripper.pdf
MSDS: http://upload2.evocdn.co.uk/ltp/uploads/download/2_56_msds-power-stripper-clp-ghs.pdf

 

IMPORTANT NOTES: 
Provided the surfaces are correctly sealed, protection should last 3-4 years before considering applying a top up coat.
After intensive cleaning to remove graffiti or other staining, and once dry, always test for moisture ingress. If evident, cleaned areas should be re-sealed.
When using Mattstone H20, gloves, eye protection and if spraying a face mask with appropriate filter should be worn.
This information is offered without guarantee . The material should be used so as to take into account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated. In case of doubt, the products should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application. 

How to achieve different finishes on Natural Stone

Different finishes on natural stone

SEALING:                       LTP MATTSTONE                    500ml, 1 & 5ltr containers

LTP MATTSTONE (Natural Finish): Apply evenly to the surface using an applicator LTP-Mattstone5L,1L_500ml_Grp_Webpad or soft cloth.  Leave the sealer to absorb into the stone for 30 minutes.  Work into and then buff off any excess using a micro-fibre cloth. Apply further coats using the same method until the stone is fully saturated. Leave to cure overnight.  This should be done before grouting. Finish by applying a further coat of sealer making sure to cover the joints as well.

Buff off any excess sealer between coats…allow to dry for 24 hours before allowing heavy traffic.

SEALING:                       LTP STONEOIL                                    1 & 5ltr containers

LTP STONE OIL (Super Enhanced Finish) – Apply evenly to the surface using an applicator pad or soft cloth. Leave the sealer to absorb into the stone for 30 minutes. Work into and then buff off any excess using a micro-fibre cloth. Apply further coats LTP-StoneOil5LTin_1L_Grp_Webusing the same method until the stone is fully saturated. Leave to cure overnight. This should be done before grouting, followed by a second coat making sure to cover the joints as well. Blemishes and minor scratches when they occur can be treated with the application of a little more Stone Oil. For extra stain resistance in bathrooms and kitchens a thin layer of LTP Mattstone or Colour Intensifier can be applied over the Stone Oil.

SEALING:                    LTP COLOUR INTENSIFIER      500ml, 1 & 5ltr containers

LTP COLOUR INTENSIFIER & STAINBLOCK (Enhanced Finish) – Apply evenly to the surface using an applicator pad or soft cloth. Leave the sealer to absorb into the stone for 30 minutes. Work into and then buff off any excess using a micro-fibre cloth.LTP-ColourIntensifier5L_1L_500ml_Grp_Web Apply further coats using the same method until the stone is fully saturated. Leave to cure overnight. This should be done before grouting. Finish by applying a further coat of sealer making sure to cover the joints as well.

Buff off any excess sealer between coats…allow to dry for 24 hours before allowing heavy traffic.

IMPORTANT NOTES:
Over applied sealer left to dry on the surface can be removed with the application of a little more sealer, which should then be buffed immediately to remove the excess. If left for too long then removal can be achieved using LTP Power Stripper in which case surfaces will need to be re-treated.
This information is offered without guarantee.  The material should be used so as to take account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated.  In case of doubt, the products should be tried out in an inconspicuous area before general application.

Cleaning, Sealing and maintaining stone surfaces

Cleaning, Sealing and Maintaining Stone Surfaces 

Natural stone has been used on floors and walls for centuries. As with all natural materials, it does need a certain level of care.

 

Natural Stone Surfaces – Internal Application

The following instructions are appropriate for Travertine, Limestone, Marble, Sandstone, Terrazzo and some Granite.

STEP ONE: INITIAL CLEANING 

Before sealing natural stone must be thoroughly cleaned to make sure that sealing of the surface can be achieved effectively. This is true of newly installed surfaces, as well as existing, due to the contamination that can occur during fitting. Equipment recommended for this step is a bucket, mop, white emulsifying pad, 4pcs pole, sealant applicator & pad holder, microfibre cloth, scrubber or scrubber dryer machine.Stone_cleaning_and_seal_Pack1

Newly installed surfaces

LTP recommends LTP Grimex as the solution for cleaning newly installed natural stone surfaces before sealing. LTP Grimex removes grease, dirt and grime from the surface ensuring the natural stone surface is best prepared for application of a sealing product.

Cleaning newly installed stone surfaces

  1. Dilute LTP Grimex 1:10 with water.
  2. Apply solution to the surface with a mop or sponge. Under floor heating must be off.
  3. Agitate to release the residual dirt and grime from the surface with a mildly abrasive pad (LTP White emulsifying pad).  Rinse well using a sponge & water.
  4. Do not use acidic cleaners, such as LTP Grout Stain Remover.
  5. Allow the surface to dry (preferably for 24 hours).

Cleaning natural stone with LTP Grimex

Refurbishing used and heavily soiled stone surfaces

  • Before sealing the stone must be thoroughly cleaned. Old layers of sealer, residues from aftercare products and deposits must be removed from the surface and pores of the stone. Film forming layers of sealer should be removed with LTP Solvex before washing with LTP Grimex.
  • Depending upon the levels of dirt, dilute LTP Grimex 1:3 with water. Apply with a sponge or cloth and leave to sit on the surface of the tiles for 5-10 minutes.
  • Agitate the surface with a white emulsifying pad (for polished, smooth or honed surfaces) or scrubbing-brush ( LTP Deck brush) for Rough Cut surfaces and leave for a further 5 minutes (scrubber machines can be used).
  • Continue to scrub while adding clean water. Remove residues from the surface using a cloth or scrubber dryer machine.
  • Rinse thoroughly with clean fresh water to remove all remaining residues.
  • Allow the surface to dry for a minimum of 24 hours before applying the protective seal.
  • For the removal of other types of dirt: Do not use acid based cleaners on limestone or marble. If you are unsure please call our helpline on +44 (0) 01823 666213 for advice.

STEP TWO: PROTECT YOUR NATURAL STONE SURFACE FROM STAINS

To protect stone surfaces and help prevent staining natural stone should be sealed. LTP recommends applying LTP Mattstone for a natural (invisible finish) or LTP Colour Intensifier & Stainblock for an enhanced appearance. LTP Colour Intensifier & Stainblock deepens the colour and enhances the appearance of the stone surface.

Sealing prepared natural stone surfaces

  1. Surfaces must be clean and dry. Ensure under floor heating is off.
  2. Apply the product to the surface evenly using either LTP sealant applicator,a sponge, brush or soft cloth.
  3. Redistribute to remove excess product and avoid pooling on the surface.
  4. Allow to dry. Do not walk on the surface for at least one hour.
  5. Protect from water for 24 hours and do not wash surfaces for at least 3 days.

Sealing natural stone with LTP Mattstone, LTP Mattstone H20 or LTP Colour Intensifier.

  • LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone and LTP Colour Intensifier will make the surface water and oil repellent.
  • Prevents stains, aids cleaning and simplifies the removal of surface stains.
  • Provides an invisible barrier of protection that will not greatly alter the surface character.
  • There are no health concerns once the product has properly cured.
  • LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone and LTP Colour Intensifier are micro porous and so can be used on surfaces that have no damp proof course.
  • Suitable for internal and external use.
  • If surfaces are properly maintained we recommend touching up the protective treatment every 3-4 years.

NB. Always test the product on an inconspicuous area. Wet or non absorbent surfaces cannot be treated. LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone and Colour Intensifier are impregnating sealers which need to fully absorb. Do not allow the product to dry on the surface. Carefully buff with a soft cloth or machine to remove any excess. Remove unabsorbed impregnating sealer, if left to dry on the surface, by rubbing over with a little more sealer. Some stones may be darker after application. Acidic substances, if left on the surface, may damage stone.

STEP THREE: MAINTAINING YOUR NATURAL STONE WALL OR FLOOR

Using the correct maintenance product will increase the life of your floor seal, provide additional protection against staining and make sure your floor looks great. Common household cleaning products often contain harsh substances that can breakdown sealing products applied to stone. For this reason LTP recommends using LTP Waxwash on floors and LTP Stonewash for surfaces.

LTP Waxwash (for floors): Formulated for use on unglazed tiles such as travertine, stone, limestone, slate, terracotta and quarry. Ideal for washing floors sealed with LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone or LTP Colour Intensifier. Use routinely in place of normal detergent.

LTP Stonewash (for walls): This gentle surface cleaner is formulated for use on limestone, marble, granite, slate and polished porcelain. Will clean without breaking down and removing protective seals.

Regular maintenance on stone floors

  1. Add one cap full of product per litre of water in a bucket.
  2. Wipe surface with the solution. Do not rinse.
  3. Allow to dry. Do not walk on the surface during drying time – 20 minutes.

Maintaining natural stone with LTP Waxwash

A one litre LTP Waxwash will wash a 20 sq.m floor 40 times.

PLEASE NOTE: Always follow the detailed instructions on the product labels. Protect stone surfaces from contact with acidic substances. Do not use abrasive materials on honed or polished stones. Avoid using normal detergents or strong bleach cleaners on sealed surfaces as they will gradually remove the protective seal.
At LTP we believe in helping to provide solutions and this is why we offer
a no obligation LTP TECHNICAL HELPLINE, so please give us a call on
+44 (0) 1823 666213 and we will be happy to help you. 
Visit www.ltp-online.co.uk to purchase from the LTP Range of products or find out more about us.

Polished Marble Fixing and Sealing Guide

The following instructions are appropriate for Polished Marble.

STEP 1: FIXING THE STONE USING PROPRIETARY ADHESIVE.

Apply adhesive to primed concrete or timber surface.

Using a notched trowel spread out the adhesive evenly.

Butter the back of each piece of stone with adhesive.

Leave adhesive to dry naturally. DO NOT force dry.

DO NOT cover stone. Covering slows curing and prevents the stone breathing.

 

Useful tools: Notched trowel, mixing trowel,mixing drill, adhesive whisk, bucket, sponge, electric wet cutter with diamond disc, grout float, 2mm spacers.

Polished-Marble-Fixing-1STEP 2: INITIAL CLEAN USING LTP GRIMEX BEFORE SEALING.

Dilute LTP Grimex 1:10 with water.

Apply to the surface and gently agitate using a mildly abrasive pad.

Rinse well using a sponge and water.

Buff off any water marks that remain before they dry.

Leave the stone to dry.

Useful tools: LTP white emulsifying pad, LTP pad holder & 4 pc pole.

Polished-Marble-Fixing-2STEP 3: INTIAL SEAL USING LTP MPG SEALER BEFORE GROUTING.

Apply sealer evenly to the polished stone surface using sealant applicator or similar.

After 20 minutes buff visible sealer into the polished surface.

2 hours after the final coat of sealer grout the joints.

Rinse well with plenty of water.

Dust of remaining residues and leave to dry for a minimum of 24 hours.

Useful tools: LTP sealant applicator, 4 pcc pole & buffing cloth.
Polished-Marble-Fixing-3STEP 4: FINISH WITH A FINAL COAT OF LTP MPG SEALER COVERING THE JOINTS AS WELL

The surface should be clean and dry.

Apply sealer making sure to cover the joints as well.

Buff off excess within 20 minutes. DO NOT allow sealer to dry on surface.

Leave to dry. Light traffic only for first 24 hours.

DO NOT COVER. Covering slows curing and prevents the stone from breathing.

Useful tools: LTP sealant applicator, 4 pc pole & buffing cloth
Polished-Marble-Fixing-4STEP 5: Aftercare and Routine Cleaning

1 capful of LTP Waxwash per litre of water.

Mop surfaces with the solution.

Buff using microfibre cloth or similar to finish.

Leave to dry.

LTP WAXWASH DOES NOT DAMAGE THE STONE & HELPS MAINTAIN THE SEAL (40 washes per litre x 20sq m)

Useful tools: LTP 4 pc pole & pad holder,buffing cloth,bucket.

Polished-Marble-Fixing-5

 

At LTP we believe in helping to provide solutions and this is why we offer
a no obligation LTP TECHNICAL HELPLINE, so please give us a call on
+44 (0) 1823 666213 and we will be happy to help you. 
Visit www.ltp-online.co.uk to purchase from the LTP Range of products or find out more about us.

Cleaning, Sealing and Maintaining Stone Surfaces

Cleaning, Sealing and Maintaining Stone Surfaces 

Natural stone has been used on floors and walls for centuries. As with all natural materials, it does need a certain level of care.

 

Natural Stone Surfaces – Internal Application

The following instructions are appropriate for Travertine, Limestone, Marble, Sandstone, Terrazzo and some Granite.

Step one: Initial cleaning 

Before sealing natural stone must be thoroughly cleaned to make sure that sealing of the surface can be achieved effectively. This is true of newly installed surfaces, as well as existing, due to the contamination that can occur during fitting. Equipment recommended for this step is a bucket, mop, white emulsifying pad, 4pcs pole, sealant applicator & pad holder, microfibre cloth, scrubber or scrubber dryer machine.Stone_cleaning_and_seal_Pack1

Newly installed surfaces

LTP recommends LTP Grimex as the solution for cleaning newly installed natural stone surfaces before sealing. LTP Grimex removes grease, dirt and grime from the surface ensuring the natural stone surface is best prepared for application of a sealing product.

Cleaning newly installed stone surfaces

  1. Dilute LTP Grimex 1:10 with water.
  2. Apply solution to the surface with a mop or sponge. Under floor heating must be off.
  3. Agitate to release the residual dirt and grime from the surface with a mildly abrasive pad (LTP White emulsifying pad).  Rinse well using a sponge & water.
  4. Do not use acidic cleaners, such as LTP Grout Stain Remover.
  5. Allow the surface to dry (preferably for 24 hours).

Cleaning natural stone with LTP Grimex

Refurbishing used and heavily soiled stone surfaces

  • Before sealing the stone must be thoroughly cleaned. Old layers of sealer, residues from aftercare products and deposits must be removed from the surface and pores of the stone. Film forming layers of sealer should be removed with LTP Solvex before washing with LTP Grimex.
  • Depending upon the levels of dirt, dilute LTP Grimex 1:3 with water. Apply with a sponge or cloth and leave to sit on the surface of the tiles for 5-10 minutes.
  • Agitate the surface with a white emulsifying pad (for polished, smooth or honed surfaces) or scrubbing-brush ( LTP Deck brush) for Rough Cut surfaces and leave for a further 5 minutes (scrubber machines can be used).
  • Continue to scrub while adding clean water. Remove residues from the surface using a cloth or scrubber dryer machine.
  • Rinse thoroughly with clean fresh water to remove all remaining residues.
  • Allow the surface to dry for a minimum of 24 hours before applying the protective seal.
  • For the removal of other types of dirt: Do not use acid based cleaners on limestone or marble. If you are unsure please call our helpline on +44 (0) 01823 666213 for advice.

Step two: Protect your natural stone surface from stains

To protect stone surfaces and help prevent staining natural stone should be sealed. LTP recommends applying LTP Mattstone for a natural (invisible finish) or LTP Colour Intensifier & Stainblock for an enhanced appearance. LTP Colour Intensifier & Stainblock deepens the colour and enhances the appearance of the stone surface.

Sealing prepared natural stone surfaces

  1. Surfaces must be clean and dry. Ensure under floor heating is off.
  2. Apply the product to the surface evenly using either LTP sealant applicator,a sponge, brush or soft cloth.
  3. Redistribute to remove excess product and avoid pooling on the surface.
  4. Allow to dry. Do not walk on the surface for at least one hour.
  5. Protect from water for 24 hours and do not wash surfaces for at least 3 days.

Sealing natural stone with LTP Mattstone, LTP Mattstone H20 or LTP Colour Intensifier.

  • LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone and LTP Colour Intensifier will make the surface water and oil repellent.
  • Prevents stains, aids cleaning and simplifies the removal of surface stains.
  • Provides an invisible barrier of protection that will not greatly alter the surface character.
  • There are no health concerns once the product has properly cured.
  • LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone and LTP Colour Intensifier are micro porous and so can be used on surfaces that have no damp proof course.
  • Suitable for internal and external use.
  • If surfaces are properly maintained we recommend touching up the protective treatment every 3-4 years.

NB. Always test the product on an inconspicuous area. Wet or non absorbent surfaces cannot be treated. LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone and Colour Intensifier are impregnating sealers which need to fully absorb. Do not allow the product to dry on the surface. Carefully buff with a soft cloth or machine to remove any excess. Remove unabsorbed impregnating sealer, if left to dry on the surface, by rubbing over with a little more sealer. Some stones may be darker after application. Acidic substances, if left on the surface, may damage stone.

Step three: Maintaining your natural stone wall or floor

Using the correct maintenance product will increase the life of your floor seal, provide additional protection against staining and make sure your floor looks great. Common household cleaning products often contain harsh substances that can breakdown sealing products applied to stone. For this reason LTP recommends using LTP Waxwash on floors and LTP Stonewash for surfaces.

LTP Waxwash (for floors): Formulated for use on unglazed tiles such as travertine, stone, limestone, slate, terracotta and quarry. Ideal for washing floors sealed with LTP Mattstone H20, LTP Mattstone or LTP Colour Intensifier. Use routinely in place of normal detergent.

LTP Stonewash (for walls): This gentle surface cleaner is formulated for use on limestone, marble, granite, slate and polished porcelain. Will clean without breaking down and removing protective seals.

Regular maintenance on stone floors

  1. Add one cap full of product per litre of water in a bucket.
  2. Wipe surface with the solution. Do not rinse.
  3. Allow to dry. Do not walk on the surface during drying time – 20 minutes.

Maintaining natural stone with LTP Waxwash

A one litre LTP Waxwash will wash a 20 sq.m floor 40 times.

PLEASE NOTE: Always follow the detailed instructions on the product labels. Protect stone surfaces from contact with acidic substances. Do not use abrasive materials on honed or polished stones. Avoid using normal detergents or strong bleach cleaners on sealed surfaces as they will gradually remove the protective seal.
At LTP we believe in helping to provide solutions and this is why we offer
a no obligation LTP TECHNICAL HELPLINE, so please give us a call on
+44 (0) 1823 666213 and we will be happy to help you. 
Visit www.ltp-online.co.uk to purchase from the LTP Range of products or find out more about us.

How to remove staining from Black Limestone before sealing.

Visible stains on Black Limetone

Visible stains on Black Limetone

After quarrying, milling and then packing a black limestone it is possible for residues of moisture and sediment to remain on the surface. If left over a period of months these deposits of mineral and sediment absorb into the pores of the stone. This type of staining can be very difficult to remove using conventional cleaning materials. The following is a guide to help restore the                                                                                     appearance of the stone using a strong                                                                                   cleaner and then sealing to restore and                                                                                   enhance the colour.

DIRECTIONS FOR CLEANING AND SEALING

1. LTP Grout Stain Remover is applied and 2. GSR scrub immediatelythen immediately scrubbed into the surface using a black emulsifying pad. This should be done for 1 – 2 minutes making sure to cover the whole surface of the stone. This cleaner will slightly etch the surface of the stone to release the stains from within.

 

3. Rinse well with plenty of water2. Do not leave the cleaner to dwell on the surface. Rinse with water immediately after scrubbing. Change the rinsing water every 5 M².
After cleaning leave surfaces to dry for 24 hours.

 

4. Leave to dry
3. Once dry, surfaces will appear grey rather than black. The stains should no longer be visible. The surface of the stone has been conditioned ready for sealing.

 

5. Apply Stoneoil4. Apply a small amount of LTP Stone Oil to the surface of the Limestone and spread out evenly. Leave to absorb into the surface of the stone for 1 hour. Any visible excess after this time work should be worked off using a soft absorbent towel.

6. Spread out evenly

5. The sealer should be left to dry for a minimum of 24 hours with light traffic only.
It will take a further 3 days to reach full hardness, so surfaces should be kept as dry as possible during this time.

INTERIORS
Finishing the stone with a light coat of LTP Mattstone should be considered if the stone is to be used in kitchen areas.

INITIAL CLEANING:                LTP GROUT STAIN REMOVER                   1ltr & 5ltr

This should be done after fixing and before sealing LTP-GroutStainRemover5L&1L_2011_Weband grouting to remove calcium carbonate and mineral deposits including dust and dirt that has accumulated during the production and fixing process. Apply undiluted solution to the surface of the stone and agitate immediately with an emulsifying pad. Rinse thoroughly with a separate pot of clean fresh water. Wipe away the released calcium dirt and grime with a mop or sponge and water and leave to dry for 24 hrs.

TDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/tds-Grout_Stain_Remover.pdf

MSDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/msds-Grout_stain_remover_clp_GHS.pdf

SEALING:                                      LTP STONEOIL                                        1ltr & 5ltr

Before grouting apply a light coat of LTP Stone Oil, LTP-StoneOil5LTin_1L_Grp_Webcheck that all of the sealer has been
fully absorbed within 1 hour, any excess that remains on the surface after 1 hour should be worked in with a soft cloth or buffing machine. Leave for a further 4 hours or overnight before grouting the joints. Once all residual grout has been removed and the surface and joints are thoroughly dry; apply a final light coat of StoneOil covering the joints as well. Buff to remove any excess within 1 hour and then leave for a minimum of 3 days to fully harden before making excessively wet.

TDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/tds-Stone_Oil.pdf
MSDS – http://www.ltp-online.co.uk/images/msds-Stone_oil_clp_GHS.pdf

IMPORTANT NOTES:
When cleaning or sealing vertical surfaces always start at the top and work down.
Provided that the surfaces are correctly sealed and maintained protection should last 3 – 4 years before considering applying a top up coat. Sealing will not prevent wear from abrasion.Used externally sealers will last between 1 & 2 Years before light cleaning and topping up.
After Intensive cleaning to remove any ingrained dirt or other staining and once dry, always test for moisture ingress. If evident cleaned areas should be re-sealed.
When using LTP Grout Stain Remover, gloves should be worn.
For detailed application instructions please see Technical Data Sheets.
This information is offered without guarantee. The material should be used so as to take account of the local conditions and the surfaces to be treated. In case of doubt, the product should be tried out in an inconspicuous area